פעילות מחקרית - Research Activity

ADHD and Decision Science Lab

Dr. Yehuda Pollak

The research focuses on the mental processes underlying decision making of children and adults with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Using behavioral economy conceptual framework, we started to reveal some of the characteristics of ADHD-related risk taking, including the prevalence of risk taking, the potential harm of maladaptive decision-making, mediators and moderators of the relation between ADHD and risk taking. To examine different hypotheses we use self-reports of real-life risk taking, as well as laboratory computerized gambling tasks.

Cognitive and Neurodevelopment Learning Disabilities Laboratory

Dr. Sarit Ashkenazi

The Hebrew University Cognitive and Neurodevelopmental learning disabilities laboratory is an educational and neurocognitive developmental lab.

The main goal of our research is to understand typical and a typical cognitive development. Our research includes multiple perspectives, such as cognitive, developmental, neuroscience, and study of neuropsychology patients to explore cognitive processes.

Language Information Processing Lab

Prof. Avital Deutsch

The laboratory for processing linguistic information is located at the ground floor of the School of Education. It conducts research on visual word recognition and word production. It is equipped with an eye-tracking system (Eyelink II) for tracking subjects' eye movements during reading, as well as computers and software for measuring reaction time in various experimental paradigms.

Learning & Interaction Lab

Dr. Christa Asterhan

We study the social and cognitive aspects of learning through human interaction, combining experimental and descriptive research methods. We ask questions such as: What characterizes interactions that are associated with individual learning gains? What are the specific social and cognitive processes that produce these gains? How can these processes be facilitated (or inhibited) by different types of instructional support and design? How do learners interact in different communication media and do those differences affect the potential for learning? 

The Cognition and Emotion Lab

Prof. Nilly Mor

Research in the lab examines the interplay of basic cognitive processes and emotion regulation as they relate to mood and anxiety disorders. Specifically, we explore the ways in which cognitive processes and emotional experiences create negative cycles that can exacerbate and prolong emotional difficulties and disorders. Our current work examines attention, interpretation, memory, attribution, and executive functions. We investigate how these processes are linked to depression and to rumination, a particularly maladaptive form of emotion regulation, and to other forms of adaptive and maladaptive emotion regulation. Furthermore, in recent years, we have been developing methods of cognitive bias modification, primarily ones that address executive control, with the aim of reducing ruminative thinking. 

The Laboratory for the Study of Parenting

Dr. Naama Gershy

The Lab for the Study of Parenting in the School of Education at the Hebrew University aims to better understand parenting processes during conflictual and stressful parent-child interactions. As much of the variability and comorbidity associated with child behavior problems has been found to relate to negative parent-child relationships, research in the lab aims to: 1) improve scientific understanding of the physiological, emotional, and cognitive processes that underlie negative interactions, and 2) identify factors that increase or decrease parents’ capacity for emotion regulation during parent-child conflict. Building upon this knowledge, an additional focus of research in the lab is on development of enhanced treatment protocols for working with parents of children with behavioral problems and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), as well as improved early interventions and preventative measures for use with families of children at risk for behavior problems.

Prosocial Behavior Lab

Dr. Hagit Sabato

Research in the lab examines prosocial behavior among children (from kindergarten to adolescence) and adults. We explore both environmental variables (such as the child’s educational environment and household background) and personal characteristics of the child (such as subjective well-being, perspective taking and empathic ability, positive emotions and social status) which may affect the decision to help. In addition, we take into consideration various relevant aspects of the helping situation (e.g. the recipient's level of neediness, his/her group affiliation, etc.).

We aim to investigate different motivational mechanisms behind prosocial behavior, from a developmental perspective, and to suggest strategies that may encourage prosociality in each developmental stage.

Career Counseling and Internet Psychology

Dr. Yuliya Lipshits-Braziler

Our research group focuses on two main areas: (a) career development over one’s lifetime and (b) the interface of the Internet and psychology.

In career counseling psychology, our research examines career decision-making processes, how people cope with career indecision, the meaning of work and higher education, career transitions, career barriers, career aspirations, and career development for marginalized social and cultural groups.

In Internet psychology, our research examines identity exploration in cyberspace, adolescents’ prosocial behaviors online, and support-seeking behaviors online. It also examines empathy in online communication, social networking sites, and well-being. 

Higher Order Thinking and Metacognition

 

Prof. Anat Zohar

Our research group studies two main areas:

Higher order thinking and metacognition in learning and instruction

Our research in this area examines issues related to learning and teaching to think in various school disciplines.We focus on the contribution of metacognitive knowledge for the development of students’ higher order thinking strategies, and on the challenges involved in thinking- rich learning. We also study the knowledge teachers and pre-service teachers need in order to teach students to think, and the nature of professional development processes in this context.

Scaling up instructional innovations

Although researchers currently understand how to construct innovative ways of learning and teaching that work well on a small scale, they are still grappling with the challenges involved in scaling them up across a large number of schoolsand programs. We are investigating these challenges by examining processes of large -scale implementation of higher order thinking and metacognition.

 

Civic and Multicultural Education

Dr. Aviv Cohen

In my research, I use qualitative methods (primarily ethnographic studies) that focus on the topics of democratic civic education, multicultural education, and teacher education. 

I am currently engaged in two main studies: the first (in collaboration with Dr. Zvi Bekerman) is of a multicultural-bilingual expanded high school civics course; The second is of an undergraduate course that deals with multicultural education, focusing on the students' experiences following their exposures to theories, practices, and personal reflections. Based on these studies, I aspire to reach insights regarding the goals and practices of multicultural civic education, as well as on the critiques of this field as voiced by the participants. 

Dr. Aviv Cohen's personal website.

Inclusive Education and the Psychology of Aggression and Evil

Prof. Thomas Gumpel

My research focuses on two primary areas. As an aggression researcher, I am interested in youth aggression and victimization, specifically in physical, relational/social and sexual bullying and victimization. I am interested in why kids do what they do, and how do they explain it to themselves that their behaviors were justified. When we engage in different forms of moral disengagement while we dislike or devalue the victim, we are able to stand by and enable victimization. In a larger sense, I am interested in the psychology of evil and the interplay between personal characteristics and organizational structures and how they promote willful harm-doing. Recently we have begun to look at the narratives people tell themselves and how those narratives change memories of violent and coercive episodes among both perpetrators and victims.

My second line of research deals with policy analyses of integrative and inclusive educational systems. I am interested in how countries promote inclusive education through differentiated and personalized learning by incentivizing inclusive practices in line with international declarations regarding inclusive education. I am also interested in how countries can dis-incentivize exclusive education. As part of this research line, we are also examining intended budgetary allocations vis-à-vis what is actually accessible on the schools, classroom and individual pupil. As a behavior analyst, I am also specifically interested in the behavioral personalization of the general and special educational systems.

Contextual and Cultural Aspects of School Counseling

Prof. Moshe Tatar

My main research interests are related to contextual and cultural aspects of school counseling and educational and school psychology. Specifically, they include, among others, copying strategies and turning for help of children and adolescents; the professional attitudes and behaviors of counselors and teachers at the school context; digital adolescents vis-à-vis analogic parents and teachers.

History and Education

Prof. Dan Porat

Dan Porat's research focuses on social, cultural and educational history in Israel. In his books and articles, he dealt among other things with the representation of the Holocaust and the Israeli-Arab conflict in Israel. In addition, he has worked on issues related to the teaching and learning of history.

Prof. Dan Porat's personal website

Educational Philosophy

Dr. Tal Gilead

My fields of research are philosophy of education and the history of educational ideas. My main interest is in the philosophical dimensions of educational policy, evil and education, and educational philosophies during the Enlightenment period. My current research examines the influence of economic thinking on educational policy from a philosophical perspective. It focuses on the use of economic tools, such as cost-benefit analysis and production functions, in educational policy, and considers questions related to resources allocation and justice with a specific emphasis on the effects of unpredictability.

Mathematics Education

Dr. Alik Palatnik

My goal as a mathematics education researcher is to design and study novel learning environments maximizing teachers' and students' tacit resources. Our research group is establishing. We plan to explore inquiry as a way of learning and teaching mathematics and as a way to enhance practitioners’ proficiency. We strive to leverage current development of technology to design new multimodal mathematical experience for students’ and new ways to study learning of mathematics.

In particular, I am interested in the influence of physical movement and creation of material and virtual artifacts on learning and teaching in a context of school geometry.

Dr. Alik Palatnik's personal website

Sociological Aspects of Education

Dr. Julia Resnik

I am involved with four research projects:

Legal liminality in the life-course of migrant workers and refugees’ children in Israel

This research intends to shed light on legal liminality and its significance in the life course of migrant children and adolescents. The concept of “liminal legality” takes into account how ambiguous legal status intersect with specific legal and policy arrangements and broader socio-economic context on the one hand, and migrants’ expectations and histories on the other.

An analysis of Holocaust education regarding the impact of generational orientations

The research project explores the practices and perspectives of learners of different generations in the specific educational setting of the International School for Holocaust Studies at Yad Vashem in Jerusalem.

International education: The expansion of the International Baccalaureate in state funded schools through the world

I initiated a worldwide project studying the expansion of the International Baccalaureate (IB) in national and international secondary schools. Comparing the implementation of the IB program in different political and economic contexts enables me to understand how international education is expanding in the world and how neoliberal education policies are globalized worldwide.

From government to governance

This project investigates the transformation of the Ministry of Education from a traditional professional model of public administration to a marketized view of public services by adopting New Public Management (NPM) and New Public Governance model (NPG) by shifting from ‘pure’ government control to a governance paradigm centered on a stronger partnership between public, private and civic actors.

Dr. Julia Resnik's personal website

Early-onset conduct problems: Psychopathology and intervention

Prof. Yoel Elizur

The research on the psychopathology of early-onset conduct problems focuses on the interplay between caregiver-child relationship patterns (parents and teachers) and children's early temperament and personality features, particularly indices of self-regulation and callous-unemotional traits. The intervention research is focused on Hitkashrut’s parent and teacher training programs for preschoolers with disruptive behaviors. We focus on the mediation of effects on child behavior by changes in both caregivers' practices and children's dispositional features. I am the chief designer of the Hitkashrut programs that were developed in collaboration with Israel' Educational Psychology Services, and are currently being disseminated by local public services throughout the country in diverse locations, including ultra-orthodox and Arab towns. 

Prof. Yoel Elizur's personal website

Contextual Aspects of Educational Policy and Administration

Prof. Adam Nir

My scientific work focuses mainly on the relations between organizational structure, context, and professional behavior in educational settings. Two intertwined issues are at the core of my studies: the organizational structure and its impact on individuals' professional behaviors, and the organizational context focusing mainly on school empowerment policies and the introduction of School-Based Management in schools operating in centralized educational systems.

Gender, Religion and Social Change

Dr. Tanya Zion-Waldoks

My central research interests are the dynamics of social change at the intersection of gender, religion and politics. My current focus is on religious women’s activism, feminist subjectivities, political agency and strategies of change within national and local contexts – in diverse religious/traditional sectors of Israel society (both Jewish and non-Jewish). As part of this, I am interested in processes of socialization and resistance, transformation and continuity, belonging and critique. I explore the role of education in such processes, with an eye to questions of intersectionality, gender and sexuality, marginality, relationality, vulnerability and resilience. Connecting the micro with the macro, I interrogate relations between public and private, law and culture (or norms and narratives), family, community and nation-state. I utilize, teach, and critically examine qualitative methodologies as a means of both producing rich knowledge and challenging the current production of knowledge.